Cobbett, William

(1762-1835)
   Essayist and political writer, b. at Farnham, Surrey, s. of a small farmer, his youth was spent as a farm labourer, a clerk, and in the army, in which his good conduct and intelligence led to his promotion to the rank of sergeant-major. After moving about between England and America, and alternating between journalism and agriculture, in the former of which his daring opposition to men in power got him into frequent trouble and subjected him to heavy fines in both countries, he settled down in England in 1800, and continued his career as a political writer, first as a Tory and then as a Radical. His violent changes of opinion, and the force and severity with which he expressed himself naturally raised up enemies in both camps. In 1817 he went back to America, where he remained for two years. Returning he stood, in 1821, for a seat in Parliament, but was unsuccessful. In 1832, however, he was returned for Oldham, but made no mark as a speaker. C. was one of the best known men of his day. His intellect was narrow, but intensely clear, and he was master of a nervous and idiomatic English style which enabled him to project his ideas into the minds of his readers. His chief writings are English Grammar, Rural Rides, Advice to Young Men and Women. His Weekly Political Register was continued from 1802 until his death.

Short biographical dictionary of English literature . . 2011.

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  • Cobbett, William — born March 9, 1763, Farnham, Surrey, Eng. died June 18, 1835, London English journalist. He joined the army and served in Canada (1785–91). He lived in the U.S. (1794–1800), where he launched his career as a journalist, fiercely attacking the… …   Universalium

  • Cobbett, William — SUBJECT AREA: Agricultural and food technology [br] b. 9 March 1762 Farnham, Surrey, England d. 17 June 1835 Guildford, Surrey, England [br] English political writer and activist; writer on rural affairs, with a particular concern for the… …   Biographical history of technology

  • Cobbett,William — Cob·bett (kŏbʹĭt), William. 1763? 1835. British journalist and social reformer noted for his Rural Rides (1830), a collection of essays showing the deterioration of rural life brought about by the Industrial Revolution. * * * …   Universalium

  • Cobbett, William — ► (1763 1835) Escritor y polemista británico. Fundó el semanario Weekly Political Register. * * * (9 mar. 1763, Farnham, Surrey, Inglaterra–18 jun. 1835, Londres). Periodista inglés. Ingresó al ejército y sirvió en Canadá (1785–91). Vivió en… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • COBBETT, WILLIAM —    a political and miscellaneous writer, born at Farnham, Sussex; commenced life as a farm labourer, and then as copying clerk; enlisted, and saw seven years service in Nova Scotia; being discharged, travelled in France and America; on his return …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • COBBETT, William — (1763 1835)    English Political journalist and essayist who used the pseudonym Peter Porcupine. In his early pamphlets he attacked the French REVOLUTION, radicalism, and American DEMOCRACY but from l804 became a champion of radical causes …   Concise dictionary of Religion

  • Cobbett — Cobbett, William …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • William Cobbett — William Cobbett, portrait in oils, possibly by George Cooke, about 1831. National Portrait Gallery, London. Born 9 March 1763(1763 03 09) Farnham, S …   Wikipedia

  • COBBETT (W.) — COBBETT WILLIAM (1762 1835) Journaliste, agitateur radical, paysan, parlementaire anglais, William Cobbett est l’un des plus brillants esprits de son temps et l’un des plus indéfinissables. Né dans une humble famille paysanne, qui lui lègue… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • William Cobbett — [William Cobbett] (1763–1835) an English political journalist who became a leader of the movement towards modern democracy in Britain. He published most of his work in his own magazine Political Register, which also contained summaries of debates …   Useful english dictionary

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